Anal fissure is a painful condition characterised by a small tear or crack in the lining of the anus.

Treatment involves conservative measures such as dietary modifications, over-the-counter topical ointments and creams, warm salt baths, and stool softeners or gentle laxatives. These measures aim to alleviate symptoms, promote healing and prevent recurrence.

If conservative measures fail, further medical interventions such as prescription medications, botulinum toxin injection, nitroglycerin ointment, or surgery may be necessary. Surgery is usually reserved for cases that do not respond to conservative or medical treatments.

Treatment plans can vary depending on the severity of the fissure, underlying conditions, and personal circumstances. Working with a healthcare professional is essential for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan. With proper treatment and lifestyle modifications, most anal fissures heal within a few weeks to a few months, providing long-term relief.