Bleeding disorders encompass a range of conditions that can result in abnormal bleeding and difficulty in clotting. Our Haematologist specialises in identifying the underlying causes of these disorders through comprehensive evaluation and specialist diagnostic tests.

Rare coagulation disorders

Rare coagulation disorders are genetic conditions that affect the blood’s clotting ability. Due to a deficiency or dysfunction of specific clotting factors, individuals with rare coagulation disorders are more prone to bleeding episodes. These disorders include conditions such as hemophilia A, hemophilia B, and other factor deficiencies. Treatment for these disorders often involves the administration of clotting factor concentrates.

Von Willebrand disease

This is one of the most common inherited bleeding disorders, caused by a deficiency or dysfunction of von Willebrand factor, a protein essential for platelet adhesion and clot formation. Symptoms can range from mild to severe and may include easy bruising, prolonged bleeding from cuts or surgeries, and heavy menstrual bleeding in females. Treatment options for von Willebrand disease may involve desmopressin administration, von Willebrand factor concentrate infusions, or other medications to manage bleeding episodes.

Platelet function disorders

These disorders refer to conditions in which there is an abnormality in the function or number of platelets, leading to impaired clotting. These disorders can be genetic or acquired and may result in increased bleeding tendency. Diagnosis involves a detailed medical history, physical examination, platelet function tests, and sometimes genetic testing. Treatment for suspected platelet function disorders involves managing the symptoms through medications that promote platelet function or platelet transfusions in severe cases.

Bleeding disorders in pregnancy

Bleeding disorders during pregnancy are a separate concern as they can pose increased risks to both the mother and the developing baby.

During pregnancy, changes in hormonal levels and increased blood volume can affect the body’s clotting mechanisms. Women with pre-existing bleeding disorders may experience worsening symptoms or develop new complications during this time.

Close monitoring throughout pregnancy is important to detect any complications early on. In some cases, special precautions may be taken during labor and delivery to minimise bleeding risks and ensure a safe outcome for both mother and baby.

Managing bleeding disorders during pregnancy requires a collaborative approach between the patient, haematologist, and obstetrician to ensure a successful pregnancy and minimise any potential risks associated with bleeding.

Acquired bleeding disorders

Acquired bleeding disorders are conditions that develop later in life and can be caused by various factors or underlying medical conditions. These disorders can manifest as single factor deficiencies or as complex abnormalities.

The severity of symptoms can vary depending on the underlying condition and the overall health of the individual. It is important to diagnose and manage these disorders in a timely and appropriate manner, to prevent complications and improve quality of life.

Managing acquired bleeding disorders involves addressing the underlying cause, providing supportive care, and administering blood products or medications, when necessary.