Theses are conditions where the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks its own healthy tissues, leading to various dysfunctions. One example is Immune Thrombocytopenia (ITP), a bleeding disorder characterised by low platelet counts due to the immune system mistakenly targeting and destroying platelets.

ITP can be classified as either acute, which tends to occur suddenly and most commonly affects children, or chronic, which lasts for at least six months and mainly affects adults. The exact cause of ITP is not fully understood, but it is thought to involve a combination of genetic, immune, and environmental factors.

Common symptoms of ITP include easy bruising, petechiae (small red or purple spots on the skin), prolonged bleeding from minor injuries, and, in severe cases, internal bleeding. Treatment options for ITP aim to restore platelet counts and prevent bleeding complications. The approach may depend on the severity of the condition, patient age, and other individual factors.

Regular monitoring is essential for individuals with ITP to assess their platelet levels and evaluate their response to treatment. It is important to work closely with your haematologist or an expert in immune disorders to develop an individualised treatment plan and manage any associated complications.