Rectal prolapse is a condition in which the rectum (the last part of the large intestine before it exits the anus) loses its normal attachments inside the body, allowing it to telescope out through the anus, thereby turning it “inside out”.

Rectal prolapse is graded according to its severity, including:

  • Internal prolapse – the rectum has prolapsed, but not so far as to slip through the anus. This is also known as incomplete prolapse
  • Mucosal prolapse – the interior lining of the rectum protrudes through the anus
  • External prolapse – the entire thickness of the rectum protrudes through the anus. This is also known as complete or full-thickness prolapse.

Risk factors for prolapse may include chronic constipation, straining with bowel movements and weakened pelvic floor muscles. Rectal prolapse is predominantly diagnosed by examination. Treatment options can vary based on the condition, but may include diet and lifestyle changes or surgical intervention.  Our specialist practitioners are here to support you with any questions you may have regarding the condition.