Colon surgery is a specialist surgical procedure performed on the colon or large intestine. It is commonly used to treat a variety of conditions affecting this part of the digestive system, including colorectal cancer, diverticulitis, inflammatory bowel disease, and intestinal obstruction.

During the surgery, the diseased or affected section of the colon is removed, and the healthy ends are reconnected. In some cases, a temporary or permanent colostomy or ileostomy may be created, which involves creating an opening in the abdominal wall to divert waste into a bag outside the body.

Colon surgery can be performed using different techniques, including traditional open surgery or minimally invasive procedures such as laparoscopic or robotic-assisted surgery. Minimally invasive techniques often result in shorter hospital stays, less post-operative pain, and faster recovery compared to open surgery.

It is important to consult with a qualified surgeon to determine the most appropriate approach and to discuss the potential risks and benefits associated with the procedure.